- PASSIVE DI
The Radial JDI is a warm sounding passive direct box that can transfer extreme signal levels without distortion while eliminating hum and buzz caused by ground loops.PRODI
The Radial ProDI is a high performance passive direct box that is ideally suited for bass and acoustic guitar to deliver a warm, distortion-free sound.Trim-Two
The Radial Trim-Two is a passive direct box, designed for use with laptop computers and other consumer type devices where the user has a requirement for a 'ready access' volume control for quick adjustments on stage.JDI Stereo
The Radial JDI Stereo is a passive stereo direct box designed to handle extreme signal levels without distortion of any kind.PROD2
The Radial ProD2 is a high performance stereo direct box designed to easily interface keyboards to the PA and recording system without noise.StageBug SB-2
The Radial SB-2 is a passive direct box designed for keyboards and active bass. Features stereo to mono mix function to save mixer channels.JDI Duplex
The Radial JDI Duplex is a stereo passive direct box that fully capable of handling any audio signal without distortion, artefact or noise.ProAV1 & PROAV2
The Radial ProAV is a passive direct box with stereo-to-mono merge function designed specifically for the audio-video integrator to reduce channel requirements.StageBug SB-5
The Radial StageBug SB-5 is a compact stereo direct box designed to accommodate laptop computers, tablets and other consumer audio products when amplifying the signal through a PA system.JD6
The Radial JD6 is a 6-channel rackmount direct box designed for keyboards in studio and live touring where optimal signal transfer is required without noise.ProD8
The Radial ProD8 is a high density 8-channel rackmount direct box optimized for professional keyboard rigs where optimizing signal transfer without noise is needed.StageBug SB5W
The Radial SB5-W is a passive stereo direct box designed to fit inside a standard electrical wall box and utilizing a Decora wall plate cover.
- ACTIVE DI
The Radial Firefly is a class-A direct box that combines a 12AX7 tube drive with transformer isolation to deliver spectacular warmth and character.J48
The Radial J48 is a 48 volt powered active direct box that delivers studio quality performance while eliminating hum and buzz caused by ground loops.JDX 48
The Radial JDX 48 is a guitar amp DI that captures the sound of the amplifier and speaker to deliver the tone of a 4x12 half-stack without the need of a microphone.USB-Pro
The Radial USB-Pro is a high-resolution DI box that converts sound files from a laptop and seamlessly transfers them to a pair of balanced audio outs.JDV MK5
The Radial JDV is a class-A direct box with a unique zero negative-feedback circuit that delivers unmatched signal purity for the most demanding recordings.J48 STEREO
The Radial J48 Stereo is a high performance active direct box with extra headroom and advanced grounding for professional touring and studio recording.PZ-DI
The Radial PZ-DI is a unique direct box that is specifically designed for acoustic and orchestral instruments.JPC
The Radial JPC is an active stereo DI with transformer isolated inputs to eliminate noise that is common with computers and consumer audio devices.Headload
The Headload is a combination load box and attenuator that is capable of handling up to 130 watts RMS of continuous power and peaks of 180 watts.PRO48
The Radial Pro48 is a high performance active direct box that is ideally suited for bass and acoustic guitars to deliver clarity without distortion or artifact.StageDirect
The Radial StageDirect is a state-of-the-art active direct box designed for musicians who require extra control when they are on stage.J33
The Radial J33 is a combination stereo phono preamp and direct box designed to interface turntables to professional audio systems.Headload Prodigy
The Headload Prodigy is a combination load box and DI that lets you perform or record at low volume with maximum tone.StageBug SB-1
The Radial SB-1 is an ultra-compact active direct box designed for acoustic guitar and bass that fits inside a guitar case!StageBug SB-4
The Radial StageBug SB-4 is a compact active direct box that has been optimized for use with piezo transducers.BT-Pro
BT-Pro™ is a Bluetooth® DI designed to capture the wireless transmission from a Bluetooth® device and convert the signal to a balanced line for use in a PA.JDX Direct-Drive
The Radial JDX Direct-Drive™ is a unique and powerful device that simulates the sound of a guitar amplifier.4-Play
The Radial 4-Play™ is a multi-channel direct box that has been specifically developed for multi-instrumentalists to enable them to quickly change instruments on stage.
The Radial X-Amp is a dual output class-A active Reamper that lets you take a pre-recorded track and send it through amps and pedals without noise.Reamp JCR
The Radial Reamp JCR is a high-performance passive Reamper that lets you take a pre-recorded track and send it through a guitar amp or pedal chain without noise.ProRMP
The Radial ProRMP is a passive Reamper that lets you take a pre-recorded track and send it through a guitar amp or pedal chain without noise.X-Amp 500 Series
The Radial X-Amp is a 500 series class-A active Reamper with isolated outputs that lets you send a pre-recorded track to two amps and re-record the new sound.Reamp KIT
The Reamp Kit combines a Radial J48 direct box for recording with a Radial X-Amp for Reamping amps & pedals to enhance the tone of your recorded tracks.SGI
The Radial SGI Studio Guitar Interface class-A line driver with load correction lets you send a guitar signal beyond 100 meters via balanced cable without noise.JD7
The Radial JD7 Injector is a class-A guitar distro/splitter with built-in Radial DI and Reamp that can drive up to seven amps or pedal chains simultaneously.JX44
The Radial JX44 Air Control is a wireless signal manager for concert stage that lets you remotely control 4 guitar inputs and 6 amp outputs at once.SGI-44
The Radial SGI-44 guitar interface is a balanced signal extender designed to send the signal from a wireless receiver to the pedalboard and back to the stage amp.
JS2 / JS3
The Radial JS2 and JS3 are high performance passive microphone splitters that lets you feed mixing consoles without signal degradation or noise caused by ground loops.PRO-MS2
The Radial ProMS2 is a high performance mic splitter that accepts a balanced microphone signal and sends it to three outputs simultaneously. As a passive device, there is no need for power.OX8
The Radial OX8 is an 8-channel rack mounted microphone splitter that lets you feed two mixing consoles without signal degradation or noise caused by ground loops.LX8
The Radial LX8 is an 8-channel rack mounted line level splitter that lets you feed two audio systems without signal degradation or noise caused by ground loops.JD7
The Radial JD7 Injector is a class-A guitar distro/splitter with built-in Radial DI and Reamp that can drive up to seven amps or pedal chains simultaneously.JX44
The Radial JX44 Air Control is a wireless signal manager for concert stage that lets you remotely control 4 guitar inputs and 6 amp outputs at once.mPress
The Radial mPress is a modular press box that can be expanded as needed to feed a community-sized press gallery or distribute audio for an international event.Exo-Pod
The Radial Exo-Pod is a passive broadcast splitter that can take the balanced line output from a mixing console and distribute the signal to 14 hand-held recorders, video cameras or wireless receivers.Catapult
The Radial Catapult is a 4-channel audio snake that lets you send analog or AES digital audio signals over standard Cat 5 or Cat 6 shielded twisted pair cable.LX-2
The Radial LX-2™ is a passive balanced line level audio splitter that allows you to easily send an audio signal to two different destinations at once without noise.LX-3
The Radial LX-3™ is a high-performance balanced line-level splitter designed to send one audio signal to as many as three destinations at once.
The Radial Twin-Iso is a two channel balanced line-level isolator that eliminates the hum and buzz caused by ground loops that is often encountered in audio systems.J-ISO
The Radial J-ISO & Pro-Iso are full bandwidth stereo interfaces that converts +4dB balanced line level signals to an unbalanced consumer level output.Pro-ISO
The Radial J-ISO & Pro-Iso are full bandwidth stereo interfaces that converts +4dB balanced line level signals to an unbalanced consumer level output.J+4
The Radial J+4 is a -10dB to +4dB stereo preamp that lets you boost a low output unbalanced signal and interface it with a balanced professional audio system.JPC
The Radial JPC is an active stereo direct box with transformer isolated inputs to eliminate noise that is common with computers and consumer audio devices.McBoost
The Radial McBoost™ is a high performance microphone signal booster designed to elevate the output of a typical dynamic microphone for greater transient response.SGI
The Radial SGI Studio Guitar Interface class-A line driver with load correction lets you send a guitar signal beyond 100 meters via balanced cable without noise.SGI-44
The Radial SGI-44 guitar interface is a balanced signal extender designed to send the signal from a wireless receiver to the pedalboard and back to the stage amp.STAGEBUG SB-6
The Radial StageBug SB-6 is a high performance 2-channel passive audio isolator designed to accommodate both balanced and unbalanced signals.STAGEBUG SB-7
The Radial StageBug SB-7 Earmuff Headphone Silencer lets you turn off one side of your headphones to stop the bleed.STAGEBUG SB-15
The Radial Stage Bug SB-15 High Performance Signal Buffer lets you drive guitar pedals without added noise and also powers 15V Tonebone pedals.ICECUBE IC-1
The Radial IceCube IC-1 is a balanced line level isolator designed to quickly eliminate hum and buzz problems in an audio system by simply inserting it into the signal path.DECODER
Decoder is a microphone preamp and Mid/Side stereo matrix that allows the user to easily create M/S recordings without having to re-configure a recording consoleSpace Heater
The Radial Space Heater is a single space 8-channel tube overdrive that can be used as a stereo summing mixer or as multi-channel studio distortion.Twinline
The Radial Twinline is a unique device that enables a guitarist to share effects pedals between two amps when using the amplifiers' built-in (rear-panel) effects loops.MR5
The Radial MR5 is a MIDI signal translator that allows you to use a MIDI controller to drive the JX44, JX42 and other Radial products that use the JR5 footswitch.
Radial studio products simplify the work-flow without affecting the signal quality to ensure creativity is not hampered during production.MC3
The Radial MC3 monitor controller is a 'straight wire' passive switcher that lets you control two sets of monitors, sub woofer and feed two sets of headphones.Gold Digger
The Gold Digger is a 4-channel mic selector that enables the engineer to quickly compare the sound of four different microphones while sharing the same preamp.Cherry Picker
The Radial Cherry Picker is a unique tool that simplifies the process of selecting the best preamp for use with a given microphone.
Guitar / Amplifier
Whether switching guitars on stage or amps in the studio, Radial offers a complete range of switchers from simple ABYs all the way up!JD7
The Radial JD7 Injector is a class-A guitar distro/splitter with built-in Radial DI and Reamp that can drive up to seven amps or pedal chains simultaneously.JX-42
The JX-42 is a compact guitar selector that lets you instantly switch between four guitars and two amps on stage.JX62
The Radial JX62 is a guitar and amp switcher designed for both wired and wireless guitars in a live concert touring environment.jx44
The Radial JX44 Air Control is a wireless signal manager for concert stage that lets you remotely control 4 guitar inputs and 6 amp outputs at once.JR5
The JR5 is a remote footswitch that lets you select guitars, amps or effects when used with the JX44 and JX42.JR2
The JR2 is a dual function remote footswitch that lets you switch or mute outputs, depending on the Radial device that is connected.BIGSHOT ABY
The Radial BigShot ABY is a true-bypass ABY switcher that toggles or combines two guitar amplifiers in phase and without hum & buzz caused by ground loops.BigShot I/O
The Radial Bigshot I/O is a true-bypass instrument selector that lets you switch between two sources and balance the signal level between them.BigShot EFX
The Radial BigShot EFX is a true-bypass effects loop switcher that lets you turn on or off two pedal-chains and take them out of the signal path when not in use.BigShot SW2
The Radial BigShot SW2 is a dual output remote control with choice of latching or impulse settings to control two amplifiers or effects.Twinline
The Radial Twinline is a unique device that enables a guitarist to share effects pedals between two amps when using the amplifiers' built-in (rear-panel) effects loops.
Radial addresses the fast paced world of live touring with a range of switchers for backing tracks, wireless systems and mixers.Relay Xo
Radial Relay Xo is a 1-in, 2-out switcher for balanced audio used with mic or line level sources as talkback and communication router.SW4
The Radial SW4 is a four channel balanced audio switcher designed for wireless systems, mixing consoles and digital guitar processors.SW8
The Radial SW8 is a backing track switcher that automatically switches between two playback systems to prevent disaster during a live performance.HotShot DM-1
The Radial HotShot DM-1 is a combination mic mute and switch that enables the artist to communicate to band members and techs via momentary footswitch.HotShot ABi
The Radial HotShot AB1 is an XLR balanced input selector that can instantly toggle between two input sources to one output via a latching footswitch.HotShot ABo
The Radial HotShot ABo is an XLR balanced output selector that can instantly toggle one input between two output destinations via a latching footswitch.JR2
The JR2 is a dual function remote footswitch that lets you switch or mute outputs, depending on the Radial device that is connected.JR2-DT
The JR2-DT is a desk-top version of the JR2. It features two top-mounted activator switches to control AB and Mute functions.BigShot SW2
The Radial BigShot SW2 is a dual output remote control with choice of latching or impulse settings to control two amplifiers or effects.
The Radial Phazer is an analog phase alignment tool that lets you combine two sources and bring the fundamentals together for a more natural tone.Phazer Bank
The Radial Phazerbank is a 4-channel analogue phase adjustment tool that enables the engineer to effortlessly adjust the phase between two microphones when double mic'ing a single source.PhazeQ
The Radial PhaseQ is 500 series phase alignment tool that lets you combine two microphones and bring them into perfect phase for a more natural tone.EXTC-SA
The Radial EXTC-SA™ is a stand-alone audio interface that lets you incorporate guitar effects into the realm of pro-audio recording.EXTC
The Radial EXTC is a 500 series effects send & receive module that lets you incorporate guitar effects into the realm of pro-audio recording.Tank Driver
The Radial Tank Driver is a wonderfully unique 500 series module that allows you to drive a balanced line level signal through the reverb tank in your Fender Twin amp!Vocoloco
The Voco-Loco is a foot-controlled effects loop that enables the lead vocalist, sax or trumpet player to incorporate guitar effects pedals into the signal path, just like an electric guitarist adds effects for soloing.Trimode
The Trimode tube distortion takes you from slight overdrive to full-on distortion. Think Mesa-Boogie in a pedal and switch instantly from rhythm to lead.Vienna Chorus
The Vienna Chorus is vintage bucket-brigade chorus that delivers old-school analog tone. Dual-mode controls lets you switch from slow to fast choral effects like a Leslie.
- 500 SERIES
Choose between Radial's award-winning racks for ultimate control over your signal path. Compatible with all 500 series modules, Radial racks are equipped with extra features for greater connectivity plus resettble electronic fuses to keep your gear safe!Workhorse
The Radial Workhorse is an 8-slot 500 series power rack with a built-in analog summing mixer, headphone amp and extensive patching capabilities.WR8
The Radial WR-8 is an 8-slot power rack that lets you load up to eight 500 series modules. Can be expanded with the WM8 mixer for full Workhorse capabilities.Powerhouse
The Radial Powerhouse is a 10-slot power rack for 500 series modules designed to provide maximum density for professional studio setups.SIXPACK
The Radial SixPack is a desk-top 6-slot power rack for the popular 500 series, designed to create the ultimate channel strip with 1600 milliamps of available current.Cube
The Radial Cube is a desk-top 3-slot power rack for the popular 500 series, designed to create the ultimate channel strip with 500 milliamps of available current.PowerStrip
The Radial Powerstrip is a 3-slot power rack for the popular 500 series, designed to create the ultimate channel strip with 500 milliamps of available current.
Preamps & EQs
Radial gives you a choice between tube and solid state preamps to suit your most demanding recording needs. Compliment them with choice of induction coil or discrete class-A equalizers to add creative soul, sparkle or fat bottom end.POWERPRE
The Radial PowerPre is a 500 series 100% discrete mic preamp with Accustate input control for low noise and transformer coupled output for added warmth.JDV-PRE
The Radial JDV-Pre is a 500 series class-A instrument preamp with variable load for magnetic, piezo and active sources and high-pass filter to eliminate resonance.PowerTube
The Radial Powertube is 500 series 100% discrete class-A preamp with high voltage 12AX7 tube gain stage and transformer coupled input for vintage character.Premax
The Radial PreMax is a 500 series channel strip tha combines a state-of-the-art preamp with a 3-band EQ for easy signal manipulation in post production and recording.Q3
The Radial Q3 is a 500 series induction coil EQ that brings the character and excitement of old-school vintage EQ to your recordings with over 1700 EQ curves.Phaze-Q
The Radial PhaseQ is 500 series phase alignment tool that lets you combine two microphones and bring them into perfect phase for a more natural tone.Twin-Servo
The Radial Jensen Twin-Servo & 500 series preamplifier is an updated version of what may well be the most spectacular preamp ever made.PreComp
The Radial PreComp is a 500 series channel strip that combines a state-of the-art preamp with a full-function VCA compressor for dynamic control over the signal.Q4
The Radial Q4 is a 500 series state-variable, 100% discrete class-A parametric EQ that brings character and warmth to your recordings with minimal artifact
Effects & Routing
The 500 series is all about creative use of signal processing. Radial opens the door with compressors, signal routers, cross-over filters, effects interfaces, phase alignment tools and amp simulators. Finally… amazing tools that let your imagination run wild!EXTC
The Radial EXTC is a 500 series effects send & receive module that lets you incorporate guitar effects into the realm of pro-audio recording.Shuttle
The Radial Shuttle is a 500 series patch and insert panel that lets you bring balanced and unbalanced signals in and out a 500 series power rack.Komit
The Radial Komit is a 500 series one-knob compressor-limiter designed to get great results instantly and add crunch and distortion for unque effects.X-Amp
The Radial X-Amp is a 500 series class-A active Reamper with isolated outputs that lets you send a pre-recorded track to two amps and re-record the new sound.ChainDrive
The Radial ChainDrive is a 500 series signal distribution amplifier that lets you send balanced or unbalanced signals to four outputs and control them independently.Tank Driver
A unique module that lets you to drive a balanced line level signal through the reverb tank in your Fender Twin! Drive spring reverbs of all types and deliver the long trailing shimmering effect that is only possible with a true spring.JDX-500
The Radial JDX Reactor is 500 series guitar amplifier interface that lets you capture the tone of a guitar amp and cabinet without a microphone.Submix
The Radial SubMix is a 500 series mixer that lets you combine 4 instruments such as keyboards or effects into a single audio channel via front panel controls.Tossover
The Radial Tossover is a 500 series frequency divider that lets you separate and process low and high frequencies separately via fully variable controls and slopes.
- CABLES & SNAKES
The History of Reamping © Radial Engineering Ltd.
Radial Engineering Ltd. is the owner of the Reamp™ brand and holds the patent for the technology. This was purchased in 2010 from John Cuniberti who invented the world's first application specific Reamping device known as the Reamp.
We recently looked into the history of Reamping and were amazed at the response we received. The following quotes are brief historical accounts taken from letters we received. Many thanks to Frank Wells at Pro Sound News and Mitch Gallagher formerly from EQ magazine for helping us track down these folks.
The Early Days
When we asked recording historian Doug Mitchell (*1), Associate Professor at Middle Tennessee State University the question: 'Who invented Reamping'. Doug gave us this reply: "The process now called 'Reamping' has actually been utilized since the very first days of recording, though it may not have been referred to as such until perhaps the late 1960's or 1970's. From the early days of sound recording, composers and experimenters have used techniques that include what we now call 'Reamping' to take advantage of the recording process and expand upon its possibilities. In 1913 Italian futurist Luigi Russolo proposed something he termed the 'Art of Noises'. Recordings of any sound (anything was legitimate) were made on Berliner discs and played back via 'noise machines' in live scenarios and recollected on 'master' disc cutters. This concept was furthered by Pierre Schaeffer and his 'Musique Concrete' electronic music concept in the 1930s and 1940s. Schaeffer would utilize sounds such as trains in highly manipulated processes to compose new music ideas. These processes often involved the replaying and acoustic re-recording of material in a manipulated fashion. Other experimenters in this area included Karlheinze Stockhausen and Edgard Varese."
The 'Intonorumori' or noise machines were a family of acoustic sound generators designed by Luigi Russolo to create the palette of sound described in the 'Art Of Noises'. The individual machines were comically basic in appearance: solid boxes of varying sizes and heights each fitted with a huge metal speaker. Russolo and his assistant Piatti worked away perfecting them ready for their first full scale concert in 1914.
Les Paul and Phil Spector
Mitchel continues:"With the possibilities presented by magnetic recording the process of what might be termed re-amping was utilized in other 'pop' music areas. Perhaps the first person to take advantage of the process was Les Paul. His recordings with Mary Ford often utilized multiple harmonies all performed by Mary. Initially these harmonies were performed with the re-amping process. Later, Les convinced Ampex to make the first 8 track recorder so that he might utilize track comping to perform a similar function. Les is also credited with the utilization of the re-amping process for the creation of reverberant soundfields by placing a loudspeaker at one end of a long tunnel area under his home and a microphone at the other end. Reverberation time could be altered with the placement of the microphone with respect to the loudspeaker playing back previously recorded material."
"Wall of sound pioneer Phil Spector is perhaps the most widely accredited for the use of the Reamping process and because of his association with the Beatles, is potentially regarded today as the developer of the process. However, Phil was actually refining a process, which had been utilized for decades, and exploring its possibility for use in rock music."
"The process of Reamping is often used in film sound design as well. In order for sounds recorded in a post production environment to match the scene, it is common for them to be re-recorded utilizing Reamping procedure. In film sound this process is also termed 'worldizing'. The history of first use of the term 're-amping' is vague. It may have come into the recordist's vocabulary as early as the late 1960's, but I am not sure when the term was first utilized reamping."
Reamping in Motown
We then posted the same question to Bob Ohlsson (*2) of Motown fame, (Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Kinks, Animals, Donovan, Herman's Hermits). Bob kindly answered: "I began doing it in 1968 shortly after we got the sixteen-track machines because for the first time we could separately record direct guitars, clavinets and e.pianos. I had never heard of it being done and am pretty sure I was the first to try it at Motown but I can't imagine lots of others weren't doing the same thing. It seemed like a very obvious thing to do in a world where electric instruments were taken direct primarily to cut down on bleed rather than for tonal quality."
Reamping comes of age
We then contacted Roger Nichols ref(*3) (Steely Dan, Crosby Stills and Nash, John Denver, Roy Orbison, Zappa) and when posed the question: "Roger, I know you have been Reamping for a while, when did you start using this process?"
Roger Nichols: "That would be 1972 when I built the Reamper™ we used on the first and almost every Steely Dan album after that. We used it to play direct guitar tracks back through an amp. We were going through a lot of amps. The speakers would get tired or the tubes would melt or something during a night of guitar overdubs. We would go through one amp to make sure we got the sound we wanted, and then when the right guitar and settings were locked in, we recorded the direct signal and let the amp rest. After the part was completed, we ran the signal back through the guitar amp and it only had to last long enough to print the results to tape. I still have the box around here somewhere."
Commercial reamping begins
Interestingly, when Jensen® introduced the JT-DBE audio transformer in 1980, the application notes on this unit contain a complete paragraph discussing using it to convert low impedance balanced lines to guitar levels. This same application is mentioned in the Radial JDI direct box owner's manual and referred to as 'using the JDI backwards'. In the 1980's, the Whirlwind company also produced a device that could accommodate low-to-hi conversion using a transformer. In 1996, the 1st generation Radial™ JDI was introduced that used the Jensen JT-DBE transformer.
In 1994, John Cuniberti commercialized the process by developing a box that incorporated a transformer and a volume control called the Reamp®. This was developed while working with famed guitarist Joe Satriani. The Reamp converted a balanced signal to an unbalanced one while allowing the engineer to adjust the volume at the amplifier instead of at the mix position. The Reamp quickly became a favourite with studios around the world.
(see Reamp history)
Reamping Goes Active!
Previously, all Reamps were basically passive devices. Then in 2001, Radial introduced the first generation Radial JD7 Injector that had full Reamping capabilities. This included a balanced XLR direct output for recording a clean track and an XLR input used to Reamp the signal from the recording system and feed several amplifiers at the sae time.
In 2003, Radial introduced the Radial X-Amp – the first dedicated active Reamper that would enable the engineer to feed two amps without signal degradation. In order to support John Cuniberti's patent, Radial agreed to pay a royalty for each product that was sold that employed the Reamp process and patent. A few years later, Radial debuted the ProRMP passive Reamper as a means to provide the growing number of home enthusiast with a more affordable tool.
In 2010, John Cuniberti contacted Radial president Peter Janis and offered to sell the Reamp brand and patent. The sale was finalized at the end of the year and officially announced at the 2011 NAMM show. Radial has since launched yet another Reamp for the 500 series rack frame called the X-Amp 500.
(1) Doug Mitchell, Associate Professor MTSU Department of Recording Industry
(2) Bob Olhsson Audio Mastery Recording, Project Design and Consulting Box 90412, Nashville TN 37209
(3) Roger Nichols Mastering 11461 SW 93 St. Miami, FL 33176